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The Cumberland County Board of Chosen Freeholders

 

Click each Freeholder below to learn more!

 

                                                                         
 Joe Derella  Darlene Barber       Carol Musso  Joseph Sparacio       Carman Daddario         Jim Sauro      Jim Quinn

What is a Freeholder? 

In New Jersey's beginning history, any person who owned land free from debts, mortgages, and other legal claims or liens was a "freeholder." The British concept of the County was as a unit of local government, reinforcing the idea that only free citizens, holders of unencumbered land, were eligible to vote and hold office. Thus, those who were elected to serve were the "Chosen Freeholders." At first, legislative functions were performed by the Courts; subsequently, these functions were taken on by a Board of Justices and Chosen Freeholders. As the development of the State would dictate, the Judges became increasingly involved with Judicial matters, and in 1798, the New Jersey State Legislative established the Board of Chosen Freeholders as the administrative and legislative head of County Government. In 1912, a law was passed allowing voters to elect members of the Board from the County at large.

The qualifications for the elected post of Freeholder are identical to those established for voting. By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large, for three year, overlapping terms. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term.

Each freeholder is charged with responsibility for one or more of the county's seven departments. These include:

  • Administration
  • Education
  • Finance
  • Health
  • Agriculture
  • Public Works & Property
  • Public Safety

The five areas of responsibilities mandated by the State of New Jersey to the Board of Freeholders include: (1) Courts and Law Enforcement, (2) Education, (3) Conducting Elections, (4) Roads, and (5) Social Services. The County has limited powers to provide such services and functions authorized by State Law in the areas which include: parks, libraries, planning the County College, health care, and solid waste management.

The Freeholders are given broad powers to regulate county property, finances and affairs. The Board prepares and adopts the County budget; authorizes expenditures and bonds; acts on claims against the County; appoints County officials and members of boards, commissions, councils, and authorities; and supervises the administration of all County departments. The Board of Freeholders act in concert to protect the health and welfare of all its citizens.